2. James PILAND
was born in 1604 in England. He was christened on 30 Aug 1604 in St Mary's
Le Porte, Bristol, England.(3) He immigrated
in 1642 to VA. He died about 1663 in Isle of Wight Co, VA. He had an estate
probated in Isle of Wight Co, VA. James and Alexandria came to America by 1642
and settled in Isle of
Wight County, VA. Headright for 746 acres was claimed by Francis
England in Isle of Wight County, VA on 20 Jun 1642 for the
transportation of 15 persons from England to America. James Piland
and his wife, Alexandria, are among the persons arriving. Headright
claims for 650 acres was filed 11 Nov 1642 by John Sweete, Isle of
Wight County, VA for the transportation of 13 persons. Alexandria and
Joane Piland were listed among the persons arriving. James and wife,
Alexandria, the females, Alexandria and Joane, all probably emigrated
three years or more prior to 1642, because Headright claims were not
to be demanded until the emigrant had stayed in Virginia for three
years. Joane and Alexandria were probably the daughters of James and
Alexandria Piland. The old spelling of Jane was Joane. Headright
claims for 43 persons, including Richard Piland (Pyland), were made on
20 Nov 1683 by Peter Wycke and John Leneare (Lanier). The Headright
system was a successful plan used to populate the colony. Every
shareholder/stockholder in the Virginia Company who transported an
emigrant, whether free or bond, to the Colony, could claim fifty acres
as Headright if the emigrant remained in Virginia for a period of
three years. The person claiming this Headright was expected to
furnish each one he transported with a small tract of land and the
necessities of life. The indentured servant signed a contract that
specified the terms of this servitude. He also relinquished his right
to the free grant of 50 acres of land that was offered to those who
would immigrate to the colonies. This land was given to the persons
who paid their passage and who claimed them as indentured servants.
After the terms of the agreement were up he could then become free to
acquire his own land. Some claims were made as long as 13 years
afther their date of immigration. Multiple claims have been
documented for the same persons who were able to pay their own passage
to take several trips back to England and then returned to Virginia.
This Headright claim was usually made by a relative in behalf of the
traveler. Francis England, 746 acs, Isle of Wight County, June 20,
1642, Page 867. Adj. Capt. Peirce. Trans. of 15 pers: Robert Hill,
Mary his wife, John Powell, Eliza Webb, Sarah England, Jon. Lippett,
Jon. Sykes, Robert Davis, Hugh Brent, Edward Palmer, Jon. Acton,
Thomas Coggin, James Piland, Alexandria his wife. (Cavaliers &
Pioneers - Abst. of VA Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666 Nugent 755
NUG Vol. 1, pg 140.) James served in the House of Burgesses in 1653.
He was expelled for "cavalier sympathies". Upon the Restoration he
was returned to the House of Burgesses in 1859. The Biographical
Dictionary of Early Virginia, 1607-1660 listed John Pyland as a Member
of the House of Burgesses, 1652, Isle of Wight County. James Pyland
was also listed with the same date and County. Those serving in the
House of Burgesses 1658-59 representing Isle of Wight County were:
Col. Robert Pitt, Major John Bond, Capt. English, Mr. James Pyland.
The first representative legislative body in America was the House of
Burgesses. It was the first in any English colony. Jamestown was the
capital of Virginia and they first met on 30 Jul 1619. Two citizens
(Burgesses) from each burrough/subdivision of VA attended the
sessions. The House was given the authority to make all legislation
(1621), but the governor and his council had the right of veto.
English law was used in the House and they followed the English
Parliament procedures. The House claimed the right to act on all tax
laws. The House of Burgesses impeached Gov. Sir John Harvey because he
fought them, and the English government recalled him in 1635.
Thereafter, the House managed the affairs of the colony. The failure
of Gov. Sir William Berkeley to call a new election to the House was
one of the many grievances which led to Bacon's Rebellion in 1676.
James Pyland and John Hammond were Burgesses from Isle of Wight
County, VA in 1652 and their cavalier attitude is recorded in
historical records. Hammond wrote so strongly about the powers that be
that he was expelled for "libell", and James Pyland entertained, aided
and abetted Thomas Woodward, a violent royalist, who had been assayer
to the London Mint, and was dismissed in 1649 by Bradshall, President
of the Council of State because of his opposition to Parliament. He
came to Virginia vowing that he would never see England again until
his Majesty's return from exile. In 1653, soon after Virginia yielded
to the authority of the Parliament, the two representatives from Isle
of Wight, John Hammond and James Pyland, were expelled from the House
of Burgesses - the one because of his "scandalous" character, and
"being a frequent disturber of the peace of the country", and the
other because of his "abetting Thomas Woodward", a noted loyalist, in
his "mutinous and rebellious declaration" against the Parliament.
John Hammond moved to Maryland, where he was a friend of Lord
Baltimore. In the will of John Vasser, written 14 Jan 1650, he wrote,
"My will and pleasure is to appoint Mr. James Pyland and Thomas Waller
my overseers of this my Last Will and Testament over all my Estate".
In the will of John Oliver, written 19 Apr 1652, he wrote, "I do
appoint my loving friends James Pyland and Robert Bird, Overseers.
James Pyland as Testes". JAMES PYLAND, 300 acs. Isle of Wight County,
19 Feb 1662, pg. 268. Bounded Wly, with land of John Oliver & Ely with
land of Xpher. Flinton. Granted to Thomas Greenwood 23 Feb 1652 & due
sd. Pyland as marrying the relict of sd. Greenwood. (Cavaliers and
Pioneers - Abst. of VA Land Patents and Grants 1623-1666 Nugent 755
NUG Vol. 1, pg. 480.) Wills, Isle of Wight County, Virginia: 14 Jan
1650 - James Pyland, overseer. 26 Oct 1652 - James Pyland, witness to
will of John Stiles. 16 Jun 1655 - James Pyland overseer; witness -
John Oliver 19 Apr 1652. 9 Apr 1658 - James Pyland witness to will of
Thomas Greenwood, wife Elizabeth executrix, son Edward Greenwood,
grandson Edward Greenwood. 29 Feb 1663 - James Pyland - will - wife
He was married to Katherine (UNKNOWN) before 1633 in St Mary's Le Porte, Bristol, England. Katherine (UNKNOWN) died in Aug 1633 in England. She was buried on 9 Aug 1633 in Bristol, Gloucester, England.(4) She was born in England.
He was married to Alexandria (UNKNOWN) about 1634 in England.
Alexandria (UNKNOWN) immigrated in 1642 to VA. She was born in
England. She died in VA. James PILAND and Alexandria (UNKNOWN) had the following
+3 i. Richard PILAND.
He was married to Mrs. Elizabeth GREENWOOD before 1662 in Isle of Wight Co, VA.
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